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© SDA-ATS News Service, 13 février 2004

USA : la sécurité prise en défaut sur certains sites nucléaires

Suivi de : "NEWS STORY : Lockheed Martin Fined for Oak Ridge Nuclear Violations" et de : "Timeline on missing Los Alamos hard drives in question"


NEW YORK - La sécurité de deux sites d’armes nucléaires aux Etats-Unis a été prise en défaut par trois fois au moins lors de simulations d’attaques terroristes. Cette affirmation provient d’un reportage qui doit être diffusé dimanche sur CBS.

Les deux sites mentionnés sont le complexe nucléaire Y-12 à Oak Ridge dans le Tennessee, première source de plutonium aux Etats-Unis et le Laboratoire national de Los Alamos près d’Albuquerque au Nouveau-Mexique.


"Les gens doivent savoir que les sites du département de l’Energie (DOE) ne peuvent pas résister à une attaque terroriste", déclare Richard Levernier, un ancien spécialiste des questions de sécurité nucléaire au DOE.

"Nos équipemnt nucléaires sont sûrs et il est irresponsable de suggérer le contraire", rétorque un porte-parole de l’Administraion de la sécurité nucléaire en précisant : "ces tests ont pour but de trouver des failles avant que quelqu’un d’autre ne le fasse (...). Il est mauvais de laisser penser que les terroristes pourraient facilement percer la sécurité de ces sites".

Chris Steele, le responsable du DOE pour la sécurité à Los Alamos dit lui être en passe de donner au laboratoire la note "F" en raison d’"infractions systématiques à la sécurité nucléaire".

L’émision de CBS évoque d’autres exemples de manquement à la sécurité, avec par exemple la disparition de centaines de cartes d’accès électroniques au laboratoire Lawrence Livermore près de San Francisco.

© SDA-ATS News Service

NEWS STORY : Lockheed Martin Fined for Oak Ridge Nuclear Violations

Large corporations such as Lockheed Martin, the world’s largest defense contractor, are reaping tremendous financial benefits from nuclear weapons production. The net earnings of Lockheed Martin totaled $382 million in 1999, and net sales reached $25,530 million. Meanwhile, the company’s moneymaking strategies have included the reduction of management personnel by 20% in January of 2000, simultaneously decreasing workers’ protection from safety hazards and leaving more room for further disasters.

Ceaseless environmental contamination by Y-12 is almost incalculable. Recently, Y-12 has been citedat least 13 times for environmental violations, polluting the air, soil and water that all life depends on. One million pounds of toxic mercury were dumped into East Fork Poplar Creek and released as mercury vapor.

DOE has reported that between 1991 and 1998, 244 pounds of uranium were released to the open air.

Traces of highly enriched uranium have been found in the surface soils of the predominately African-American Scarboro community in Western Oak Ridge.

Cadmium, chromium, arsenic, uranium, lead, beryl lium, lithium, PCBs and volatile organics are just some of the hazardous materials used and released from the Y-12 plant.

Y-12 Plant Refurbishes (Upgrades) nuclear weapons, stores Highly Enriched Uranium and builds weapons components.

Pantex Warhead assembly and disassembly.

Lawrence Livermore National Lab Weapons research and design.

Los Alamos National Laboratory Weapons research, design and production

Sandia National Laboratories Weapons Engineering.

Navada Test Site Testing of Nuclear Weapons.

Oak Ridge Environmental Peace Alliance PO Box 5743 Oak Ridge, TN 37831 Phone 865-483-8202

Timeline on missing Los Alamos hard drives in question

Their whereabouts may have been unknown for months, not weeks

WASHINGTON (CNN) -The whereabouts of two computer hard drives at the center of a Los Alamos National Laboratory security breach investigation may have been unknown for as long as six months -not the six weeks originally reported, CNN learned Tuesday.

The hard drives, each smaller than a deck of playing cards, held nuclear weapons secrets and were stored in a vault at the New Mexico lab.

They were discovered missing May 7 when two scientists wanted to make sure they were protected from a wildfire that threatened the lab. The lab was evacuated the next day because of the fire threat, but no one reported the drives missing until May 31, triggering the investigation.

MESSAGE BOARD

National security

The drives, designed to be used on a laptop computer, mysteriously reappeared last Friday in a room at the lab that already had been searched several times.

’We don’t know where they were all that time’

While one scientist reported seeing the drives in the vault on April 7, federal officials are now suspicious of that claim, government sources told CNN.

One government official told CNN the last official written inventory documenting the location of the hard drives took place in early January.

Although the government says there is no evidence of espionage involving the hard drives, one official described the timeline discrepancy as crucial because "we don’t know where they were all that time."

Sources said the scientist whose April 7 sighting claim is now considered suspicious is one of at least three lab employees who now find themselves the subject of an FBI investigation.

All those under investigation worked in the laboratory’s "X" division, which helps design nuclear weapons.

One senior government official told CNN that polygraph tests indicated that some of those under scrutiny may have been lying.

The hard drives were part of response "kits" used by the lab’s Nuclear Emergency Security Team. They contain technical information needed to locate and dismantle nuclear devices that might be used in a terrorist attack.

The FBI is now conducting tests in Washington to see if material on the hard drives was tampered with or perhaps copied.

Justice Correspondent Pierre Thomas and The Associated Press contributed to this report.

June 20, 2000

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éditeur : Frank Brunner | ouverture : 11 novembre 2000 | reproduction autorisée en citant la source